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The lectures will provide a background for the specific topics presented emphasizing what is still uncertain and current research lines. Each day will consist of a total of three or four lectures with an extended discussion at the presentations and at the end of the day. The workshop will be organized in three days covering the

  1. Fundamental processes of the land-atmosphere interactions,
  2. The representation of these processes in regional models and
  3. Applications of the regional simulations to real cases.

Participants are encouraged to present their research during the Poster Session that will be held during the second day of the workshop.

The program of the workshop can be downloaded in the following link


9:00 - 10:00 "The surface energy balance: observational challenges"

Dr. T. Foken, University of Bayreuth, Germany
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T. Foken is professor of Micrometeorology at the University of Bayreuth. He previously was the head of laboratories of Boundary-layer and land surface processes of the Meteorological Service of the GDR (after 1990 German Meteorological Service) at the Meteorological Observatories at Potsdam and Lindenberg. He has participated in many important expeditions and projects from 1973 until the present.

Lecture scope: Dr. Foken will provide an overlook of the observational techniques used to measure the different components of the surface energy budget and the problems related to its closure.

10:00 - 10:15 Discussion

10:15 - 11:00 Coffee break

11:00 - 12:00 "Land-atmosphere interactions"

Dr. C. van Heerwaarden, Max Planck Institute-Meteorlogy, Germany.
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Chiel van Heerwaarden is a postdoc at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg. His research interest are the feedbacks between the land surface and the atmosphere and the turbulent flow close to the surface. His methodology is based on conceptual modelling, large-eddy and direct numerical simulation.

Lecture scope: Dr. van Heerwaarden will review the fundamental processes that occur in the surface and the atmospheric boundary layer and their different feedbacks that are ultimate responsible for the land-atmosphere interactions.

12:00 - 12:45 Wrap up discussion

13:00 - 14:00 Lunch break

14:00 - 15:00 The role of a vegetative canopy and its interaction with atmospheric turbulence

Dr. E. Patton, National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA.
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Dr. Patton is a project scientist at the Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. His research covers a wide range of atmospheric processes including the statistics and structure of canopy turbulence interacting with larger-scale planetary boundary layer motions, the impact of orography on turbulent exchange, the coupling between soil moisture and the boundary layer, etc.

Lecture scope: Dr. Patton will introduce the role of the canopies in the land-surface interactions using observations (CHATS experiment) and high-resolution numerical simulations. The coupling between canopies and low hills will be touched upon briefly.

15:00 - 15:15 Discussion.

15:15 - 16:00 Coffee break

16:00 - 17:00 Photosynthesis and CO2 soil respiration interaction with atmosphere dynamics

Dr. J. Vila-Guerau de Arellano, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
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J. Vila is associate professor at the University of Wageningen where he conducts research on the dynamics and chemistry of atmospheric boundary layer and their feedbacks on soil and vegeation. His research interests extends to bridge between boundary layer dynamics to mesoscale phenomena,

Lecture scope: Dr Vilà-Guerau de Arellano will introduce the relationship between the energy, water and carbon dioxide cycle at different spatial scales. Especial emphasis will be paid to the coupling between evapotranspitration and boundary layer clouds.

17:00 - 17:45 Wrap up discussion.


9:00 - 10:00 Parametrizations in regional climate models

Dr. J. Dudhia, National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA.
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J. Dudhia is project scientist at the National Center for atmospheric research. He is one of the main developers of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) modeling system. Previously he was responsible for the development of the MM5 mesoscale model.

Lecture scope: Dr. Dudhia will provide an overlook of the state of the art in regional modeling and how the parametrization of different physical processes within the models impact the surface energy balance and atmospheric dynamics. The land surface parametrization of the model will be described in detail.

10:00 - 10:15 Discussion.


10:15 - 11:00 Coffe break.


11:00 - 12:00 On the representation of Land-surface interactions in meteorological models

Dr. P. Viterbo, Instituto de Meteorologia, Portugal
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P. Viterbo is the head of the research at the Instituto de Meteorologia in Portugal. He was previously at the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. His research has focused on the influence of the land-surface model in numerical weather prediction models.

Lecture scope: His lecture will focus on representation of land surface processes in weather forecast models (ECMWF) and their impact on atmospheric phenomena. He will complete the lecture by discussiong potential future improvements of these representations. 

12:00 - 12:45 Wrap up Discussion.

13:00 - 14:00 Lunch break.

14:00 - 15:00 Anthropogenic influences: urbanization

Dr. A. Martilli, CIEMAT, Spain.
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Alberto Martilli is a physicist at CIEMAT. His research focus on the representation of surface processes on urban areas.

Lecture scope: He will present the urban parametrization that is currently implemented in mesoscale models and their impact in the atmospheric variables through land-atmosphere interactions.

15:00 - 15:15 Discussion.

15:15 - 16:00 Coffee break + shot presentation of the posters (1 min).

16:00 - 17:00 Poster session.

Evening - Workshop dinner.


9:00 - 10:00 The influence of a Land-surface model in regional climate simulations

Dr. J.P. Montávez, Universidad de Murcia, Spain.

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Juan P. Montavez is professor at the university of Murcia. He has a wide experience in using mesoscale models for regional climate research.


Lecture scope: He will present the impact of the land-atmosphere interactions for the near surface variables (temperature, precipitation, wind) of the Iberian Peninsula. He will combine observations and numerical simulations performed with mesoscale models to analyze the influence that the processes that occur in the surface produce over the regional climate.


10:00 - 10:15 Discussion.


10:15 - 11:00 Coffee break.


11:00 - 12:00 Soil moisture and land cover influences on the regional climate

Dr. E. Davin, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich

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Edouard Davin's research examines the influence of land surface processes on the climate system, focussing particularly on the role of vegetation in shaping the water and energy exchanges between the land and the atmosphere. His research topics include the evaluation of land surface models coupled to atmospheric models, the effect of direct human perturbations to climate through land cover/land use changes and the role of land-atmosphere interactions in amplifying or mitigating climate change.


Lecture scope: His lecture will discuss the importance of the terrestrial biosphere for regional climate as inferred from models and observations. The focus will be on biogeophysical processes (related to e.g. land cover change and soil moisture dynamics) and how these processes can act as forcings or feedbacks in the context of a changing climate.


12:00 - 12:45 Wrap up discussion.


13:00 - 14:00 Lunch break.


14:00 - 15:00 Beyond the regional scale: a global perspective

Dr. J. F. Gonzalez-Rouco, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
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He focuses on problems dealing with climate variability and change during the last millennium though experiments that involve climate simulation and proxy data comparison.  He is also interested in problems aimed at understending regional climate variability such as the wind over complex terrain regions through statistical and dynamical downscaling strategies.


Lecture scope: He will lecture on the use of borehole measurements to understand the atmospheric temperature during the last millennium at the global scale.

15:00 - 15:15 Discussion.

15:15 - 16:00 Final panel debate between speakers and audience (Moderator: P. A. Jimenez)